History of Attar (ittar) :
The word 'attar', 'ittar' or 'othr' is basically an Arabic word which means 'Scent'. This in turn is believed to have been derived from the Persian word Atr, Meaning 'Fragrance'.
The Story of Indian perfumes is as old as the civilization itself Archaeological evidence shows the earliest inhabitants of the Indian sub continental held plants in great reverence, with the passage of time, scented oils were extracted by pressing, distilling aromatic vegetable and animal produce, Early indications of this activity are available from the perfume jars and terracotta containers of the Indus valley civilization, where archeological work has revealed round copper stills, used for distillation process that are at least five thousand years old. The se stills are called degs.
In Ancient India, ittar was prepared by placing precious flowers and sacred plants into a water or vegetable oil. slowly the plants and flower would infuse the water/oil with their beauty would be held in the ittar, These ittars were then worn as sacred perfume or to anoint. Ittar Figures into some of the romantic stories of a bygona era. Its patrons included great poets like the legendary Mirza Galib. When Ghalib met his beloved in the winter, he rubbed his hand and face with ittar hina.
In Ain-e-Akbari, Abul Fazal, has mentioned that ak bar used ittar daily and burnt incense sticks in gold and silver censor, A princess's Bath was incomplete without incense and ittar, A very popular ittar with the Mughal princes was ood (oudh), Prepared in Assam.