Sheikh Nasir-u'd-din Chishti:
Sheikh Nasir-u'd-din Mahmud, popularly known as chiragh-i dehli (ob. 18 Ramazan 757 A.H./14 September 1356), was the last great
saint of the first cycle of the chishti silsilah in india,Steeped in the Chishti mystic ideology of more than one hundred years,
he kept the torch of his masters burning under conditions which would have broken the spirit of a man of smaller stature and inferior
mettle. His elevation to the sajjadah of shaikh Nizam-u'd-din Auliya (ob. 1325 A.D.) synchronised with a period of unprecedented social
and intellectaul crisis in india. There was a mushroom groth of horried cults and degrading beliefs. The Muslim society had drifted from its
told intellectual moorings and religion and be-come a mere formality, Cramped by hairsplitting theology and desdened by dogmatic formalism.
Nasiruddin Mahmud Chiragh Dehlavi (or Chiragh-e-Delhi) was born as Nasiruddin around 1274, at Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh.
His father, Syed Yahya, who traded in Pashmina, and his grandfather, Syed Abdul Latif, first migrated from Khorasan,
northeastern Iran, to Lahore, and thereafter settled in Ayodhya, in Awadh. His father died when he was only nine years of age and
he received his early education from Maulana Abdul Karim Sherwani, and later continued it with Maulana Iftikhar Uddin Gilani.
At age forty, he left Ayodhya for Delhi, where he became the disciple of Khwaja Nizamuddin Auliya. It was here that he stayed
for the rest of his life as his murid (disciple), and after his death, became his successor. In time, he also became a known
poet in Persian language.He died in 17 Ramzan 757 Hijri or 1356 AD, at the age of 82, and is buried in a part of South Delhi, India which is known as
"Chirag-e-Delhi" after him.
One of his noted disciples was Bande Nawaz Gezu Daraz, who later moved to Daulatabad around 1398, owing to the
attack of Timur on Delhi, and from where at the invitation of Bahamani King, Firuz Shah Bahamani, moved to Gulbarga,
Karnataka, where he stayed for the following 22 years of his life, spreading the Chishti Order in the South,until his
death in November 1422. The dargah (mausoleum) of Khwaja Bande Nawaz, exists today in the city of Gulbarga, as a symbol of
multi-religious unity.During his stay in Delhi, he continued to visit Ayodhya often,
where he made a number of disciples, notably, Shaikh Zainuddin Ali Awadhi, Shaikh Fatehullah Awadhi and
Allama Kamaluddin Awadhi. Hazrat Kamaluddin Allama was his nephew and made him his successor and thereafter
his successors are in Ahmedabad Gujarat India present successor of Khanqa E Auliya Chishtiya is Khawaja Ruknuddin Mohammed
Farrukh Chishti. He resides at Nasirbaug, Shahibaug, Gujarat , Ahmedabad, India
After his death, his tomb was built by Firuz Shah Tughluq (r. 1351 - 1388), the Sultan of Delhi in 1358, and later
two gateways were added on either side of mausoleum. One of noted addition was a mosque built by a later Mughal
emperor, Farrukhsiyar, in the early 18th century, and popular among both Muslims and non-Muslims.
A humble tomb of the founder of Lodhi dynasty, Bahlul Khan Lodhi (r.1451-89) lies close to the shrine,
in the present day locality of ‘Chirag Delhi’ that grew around the tomb since 1800(ruled by the Ahlawats),
and still goes by his name, it is very close to the locality of Greater Kailash, in South Delhi.
Nasiruddin Chiragh Dehalvi, unlike his spiritual master Nizamuddin Auliya, did not listen to sema, which was
considered un-Islamic by a section of the Muslim intelligentsia in that period. He did not however pass any specific judgement
against it. This is the reason why even today, qawwali is not performed near his shrine in Delhi. Hazrat Nasiruddin's
descendants are to be found far and wide as a lot of them moved down South to Hyderabad. The dargah of Badi Bua or Badi Bibi,
who said be the elder sister of Nasiruddin Mahmud Chiragh Dehlavi, still exists in city of Ayodhya. it is not true that his
descendants moved to south India in fact they moved to Gujarat patan India his present heir are in ahmedabad.--------------------To be Continue in book....